The Changing Story of HIV/AIDS
June 1981: 26 cases of what would later be called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are reported to America’s CDC.
But in only one year:
771: number of cases of AIDS reported in 1982 618: number of deaths
AIDS cases peaked in 1992 with 78,000 cases
1992 – cumulative, 360, 909 cases of AIDS reported since 1981 234,225 deaths
78: % of People infected with the disease from 1988-1995 died
1995: first anti-retroviral approved by FDA
Results?: With improved treatment, 5 % of people infected with the disease from 2005-2009, died
AZT: only FDA approved anti-HIV drug AZT back in 1987
18 months: life expectancy for people with AIDS in the early days
More than 30: drugs available to treat HIV/AIDS
Old age: life expectancy of those with HIV can be into 60s and 70s, with treatment
“The Berlin Patient”: Timothy R. Brown is first person in the world to be cured of HIV/AIDS.
Brown was diagnosed with HIV in 1995 and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 2006. Stem cell treatment cured him.
Originally seen as a “gay disease” HIV/AIDS is now seen as a global epidemic that affects everyone.
In 2010, the subpopulations with the greatest number of new HIV infections were:
White MSM (Men who have sex with men)
Black Heterosexual Women
Black Heterosexual Men
White Heterosexual Women
Hispanic/Latina Heterosexual Women
Black Male IDUs (Intravenous drug users)
Living with HIV: 37 Million
Younger than 15: 2.6 Million
Newly Infected with HIV in 2014: 2 Million
Younger than 15: 220,000
Have access to antiretroviral therapy: 41%
Since the beginning of the AIDS pandemic:
1.7 million: number of Americans infected with HIV
More than 650,000: number of Americans who have died of AIDS
78 million: worldwide have been infected with HIV
39 million: have died of AIDS-related causes